Euratom energy research activities are carried out under the treaty with the same name, which in 1957 established the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). Euratom is legally separated from the European Community (EC) and has its own Framework Research Programme, however managed by the common Community institutions. The total budget is 2 751 mil. EUR.
7th EURATOM Framework Programme for nuclear research and training for 2007-2011 was established by the European Parliament and Council in December 2006 as part of the FP7. The programme includes research, technological development, international cooperation, dissemination of technical information and activities in the field of training.
In FP7 Euratom there are two associated specific programmes:
- one covering indirect actions in the fields of fusion energy research and nuclear fission and radiation protection,
- the other covering direct actions in the nuclear field undertaken by the Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC).